Neuropathy is a basic term representing disruptions in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are different therefore is the treatment. Numerous a times, the neuropathy is practically permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreparable. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of vital value. Other treatment is based upon the symptoms, like pain is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. The neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently responds to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy. Neuropathy may also be because of hazardous impact of certain drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, many others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is primarily discontinuation of the drug or dose decrease. more info There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.